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Does an infant who lived only one month need a social security number to be claimed as a dependent?

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Level 1

Child was born in October and died in November.  Never had a ss #.  Can child be claimed as a dependent?  Can child qualify for EIC and Child Credit?  Can I e-file tax return?  

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Level 12

Yes, you can claim a dependent without a Social Security Number.

However, you need an ID number for the Child Tax Credit and the Earned Income Credit, so in most cases claiming the child without a Social Security Number won't do any good.

The tax return would need to be mailed.

As Lisa said, it is quite unusual to not have a Social Security Number because that is usually done immediately at the hospital, so the taxpayer may want to double check that.



No SSN.

If a person whom you expect to claim as a dependent on your return doesn't have an SSN, either you or that person should apply for an SSN as soon as possible by filing Form SS-5, Application for a Social Security Card, with the Social Security Administration (SSA). You can get Form SS-5 online at SSA.gov or at your local SSA office.

It usually takes about 2 weeks to get an SSN once the SSA has all the information it needs. If you don’t have a required SSN by the filing due date, you can file Form 4868 for an extension of time to file.

Born and died in 2018.

If your child was born and died in 2018, and you don’t have an SSN for the child, you may attach a copy of the child's birth certificate, death certificate, or hospital records instead. The document must show the child was born alive. If you do this, enter "DIED" in column (2) of the Dependents section of your Form 1040.


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Level 12

Yes, you can claim a dependent without a Social Security Number.

However, you need an ID number for the Child Tax Credit and the Earned Income Credit, so in most cases claiming the child without a Social Security Number won't do any good.

The tax return would need to be mailed.

As Lisa said, it is quite unusual to not have a Social Security Number because that is usually done immediately at the hospital, so the taxpayer may want to double check that.



No SSN.

If a person whom you expect to claim as a dependent on your return doesn't have an SSN, either you or that person should apply for an SSN as soon as possible by filing Form SS-5, Application for a Social Security Card, with the Social Security Administration (SSA). You can get Form SS-5 online at SSA.gov or at your local SSA office.

It usually takes about 2 weeks to get an SSN once the SSA has all the information it needs. If you don’t have a required SSN by the filing due date, you can file Form 4868 for an extension of time to file.

Born and died in 2018.

If your child was born and died in 2018, and you don’t have an SSN for the child, you may attach a copy of the child's birth certificate, death certificate, or hospital records instead. The document must show the child was born alive. If you do this, enter "DIED" in column (2) of the Dependents section of your Form 1040.


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Level 15
Level 15

You need an SSN.  Hospitals generally have you fill out this paperwork for the child at the time of birth.


♪♫•*¨*•.¸¸♥Lisa♥¸¸.•*¨*•♫♪
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Level 15
I hate seeing questions like this ---------------------- so sad :cry::cry:
ex-AllStar, ex-Lutefisk taste taster, ex-ACME product tester
and ex marks the spot where those rocks and anvils hit me.
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Level 8
Yes, the child does qualify for EIC and Child Tax Credit.
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Level 1

the rules that a child must be have a SSN under IRC §§24(e)(1) and 32(c)(3(D)(i) are not absolute. the IRS has issued guidance for a child who was born and died in the same year and does not have a SSN for the purposes of being claimed as a dependent, earned income tax credit, and Child Tax Credit (ACTC)

https://www.irs.gov/faqs/earned-income-tax-credit/qualifying-child-rules/qualifying-child-rules-1

"1. The Earned Income Credit

Generally, a child must live with you in the United States for more than half of the tax year to be a qualifying child. You may treat a child who was born alive or died in 2019 as having lived with you for more than half of 2019 if your main home was the child’s main home (or would have been) for more than half of the time he or she was alive in 2019.

The earned income credit requires that you provide a valid social security number (SSN) for your qualifying child. If you meet all of the other requirements to claim this credit, and your child was born and died in 2019 and didn't have an SSN, instead of an SSN, you may enter "DIED" on line 2 of Schedule EIC (Form 1040 or 1040-SR), Earned Income Credit and attach a copy of the child's birth certificate or a hospital medical record showing a live birth. 

   2. Dependency and/or Child Tax Credit  

Generally, the child must live with you for more than half of the tax year to be a qualifying child. You may treat a child who was born alive or died in 2019 as having lived with you for more than half of 2019 if your main home was (or would have been) the child's main home for more than half of the time he or she was alive in 2019. Whether your child was born alive depends on state law.

If you meet all of the other requirements to claim the child as a dependent, you usually must provide a taxpayer identifying number (TIN) for the child. If your child was born and died in 2019 and didn't have an SSN or other TIN, instead of a TIN, you may enter "DIED" in column 2 of the Form 1040, U.S. Individual Income Tax Return or Form 1040-SR, U.S. Tax Return for Seniors (PDF) and attach a copy of the child's birth certificate or a hospital record showing a live birth.

The child tax credit requires that you provide a valid SSN for your qualifying child. If you meet all of the other requirements to claim this credit and your child was born and died in 2019 and didn’t have an SSN, instead of an SSN, you may enter “DIED” on column 2 of the Form 1040 or Form 1040-SR and attach a copy of the child’s birth certificate or a hospital record showing a live birth."

However, without a valid TIN, the return will need to be paper-filed.