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Generating Built-in Gains Tax in a S-Corporation Return

SOLVEDby IntuitLacerte Tax19Updated July 14, 2022

How do I generate Built-in Gains Tax in a S-Corporation return?

A C Corporation electing S Corporation status after 1986 can incur a Built In Gains Tax on any taxable gains from the disposition of an asset from its corporation period, if disposed of within 5 years of the effective date of the S Corporation election. The tax is the difference between the fair market value (FMV) and the adjusted basis at the time of change from C to S status. It cannot exceed the total gain on the asset. It also is limited to the taxable income calculated as if it were a C Corporation and cannot exceed the Net Unrealized Built In Gain at the beginning of the tax year. (This amount is shown on line 8 of Schedule B, 1120S, page 2.)

Solution #1 - The Net Unrealized Built In Gain at the beginning of the tax year is the NUBI Gain at the time of conversion from a C Corporation to a S Corporation reduced by prior years' recognized Built In Gains down to zero or 5 years from the S Corporation election, whichever comes first.

To enter a Net Unrealized Built-in Gain:

  1. Click on the Detail tab
  2. Navigate to Screen 3.1 - Misc. Info./Other Info./Amended
  3. Scroll to the Other Information (Schedule B) section
  4. Locate the subsection labeled Net Unrealized Built in Gain
  5. Enter the following items as applicable:
    • Federal
    • State, if different (-1=none)
    • Pool of assets (Ctrl+E)

The amount of Built-in Gain is limited to the Schedule B, line 8 amount.

However, if no entry is made, Lacerte assumes the current Built-in Gain is all unrecognized. The smaller of the current-year Built-in Gain, the net unrealized gain at the beginning of the tax year, or the taxable income (computed as if filing as a C Corporation) becomes the Net Recognized Built In Gain. It is then reduced by any NOL carry forward from when the S Corporation was a C Corporation.

Enter a NOL Carry Forward:

  1. Click on the Detail tab
  2. Navigate to Screen 37 - Federal Taxes
  3. Scroll to the section labeled Built-in-Gains Tax (Schedule D, Part III)
  4. Enter the amount in the field labeled Section 1374(b)(2) deduction (line 19) (code 23)

Solution #2 - Built-in Gain on Dispositions:

To Enter Built-in Gain on Dispositions:  The steps below are in addition to the normal entries for a disposition. The Sales Price must be greater than the Cost or Basis

  1. Click on the Detail tab
  2. Navigate to Screen 23 - Dispositions (D, 4797, etc.)
  3. Scroll down to the Built-In Gains Tax (Schedule D) section
  4. Enter the FMV at conversion (code 40)
  5. Enter the Adjusted basis at conversion (code 55)

To Enter Built-in Gain on Depreciable Assets:  The steps below are in addition to the normal entries for the disposition of a depreciable asset. The Sales Price must be greater than the Cost or Basis

  1. Click on the Detail tab
  2. Navigate to Screen 16 - Depreciation (4562)
  3. Scroll down to the Built-in Gains Tax section
  4. Enter the FMV at conversion (code 102)
  5. Enter the Adjusted basis at conversion (code 104)

The Built In Gains Tax is reduced by any Business Credit that was carried forward when the Corporation operated as a C Corporation.

To Enter Business Credit Carryovers:

  1. Click on the Detail tab
  2. Navigate to Screen 37 - Federal Taxes
  3. Scroll to the section labeled Built-in-Gains Tax (Schedule D, Part III)
  4. Enter in the amount of Business credit carry forwards from C years (line 22) (code 24)

Note: The amount of the Capital Gain or Section 1231 gain reported on Form 1120S should be reduced by the amount of the Built In Gain Tax.

Solution #3 - Other Built In Gains:  It is also possible to have a Built In Gain on ordinary income. (The most common example of this scenario regards inventory (because inventory sales are included in Cost of Goods Sold as ordinary income.) If inventory was carried over from the C Corporation to the S Corporation, and is sold at a gain, it is also subject to Built In Gains Tax.

To Enter a Built-in-Gain as Ordinary Income

  1. Compute the gain manually
  2. Click on the Detail tab
  3. Navigate to Screen 37 - Federal Taxes
  4. Scroll to the section labeled Built-in-Gains Tax (Schedule D, Part III)
  5. Under the Ordinary Income [Page 1, line 12] subsection
  6. Enter the amount of Other recognized built-in gains/losses (Ctrl+E) (code 21)

This is treated the same was as Built-in Capital Gain, except Lacerte reduces the amount of Ordinary Income on line 1 of Schedule K by this portion of the Built-in Gains Tax. This type of tax is a deduction on page 1, line 12, of the 1120S. If the Optional Taxes Statement is triggered, a line item will appear.

Note: This process does not trigger a Schedule D.  The amount(s) will appear on the General Information form, as a carryover to the following year.

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